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成考英语常考语法题型

发布时间:2019-10-09 19  发布人:临沂成人高考函授站


成人高考的招生层次分为高起专、高起本和专升本三个,无论是成人高考的高起点还是专升本,英语都是必考的科目之一。掌握成人高考的词汇和语法,是考生作答所有题型的基础。下面这些常考的语法例句,一定要掌握哦!

 九种时态,特别是其中的过去完成,过去进行时,客观真理要用一般现在时

1、The manager told us that this factory was built in 1958.

2、By the time we got there, the play had already begun.

3、When I was a child, I knew that the earth turns about its axis.

4、When Mr.Delay got home after a day's exhausting work, his wife and children were sleeping.

非谓语动词题

现在分词与过时分词的区别、主动与被动的区别

1、The film showed last night was very moving. 

2、Having finishing his lecture, the teacher asked if anyone wished to asked a question.

3、The problem being discussed is very important.

4、Given more time, we are sure to finish it.

5、Will you please make yourself known to everyone here
It作形式主语及形式宾语题

it还可以指时间,天气等

1、It is difficult to study English well.

2、We think it is important to pass the exam.

it is (was)……。that…。,如果前面是it iswas 后面往往选用that,当然强调人的时候也可用who

         1、It was at an evening party that I first saw her.

         2、It is what you will do that is important.

         3、When was it that he bought a new car.

全部倒装句

 1、Stop talking! There comes the teacher.

部分倒装句

 1、So badly was he hurt in the accident that he had to be sent to hospital.

 2、Not only does he study well, but also he is always ready to help others.

 3、Mary has done well in the English exam. So she has. She always does well in the exam.

 重点在定语从句because,since  now ,that  ,as   for; 

so…that…,such… that…

1、It was in so friendly a way that he talked with us.

2、Oct.15, 2005 is a day when we will take our English examination.

3、We want to buy the same book as you are reading.

4、The sun heats the earth, which is very important to living things.

与现在,过去,将来相反的三种情况,特别是与过去相反的情况最常考,再有就是wishas if 后面所接的三种情况,还有一个常考点在suggest,demand,require,order等表示建议,要求,命令的词后面加从句时,从句里谓语要用(should)+动词原形,如果是被动则用(should +be +动词过去分词)

1、I would have done it better if I had had more time.

2、I wish you would go with us tomorrow.

3、I suggest that we (should )adopt a different policy.

4、Had it not been for your help, we would never have been able to get over the difficulties.
 

  除了掌握常见情态动词基本用法外,常考点在三种表推测的情况,分别为must表对现在事情的肯定推测 ,can't表对现在事实的否定推测, must have +v-ed表示对过去事实的肯定推测,而should have +v-ed则表示过去应该做某事而没有做

1、The ground is so wet, it must have rained last night.

2、She must be a doctor, I think.

3、I should have called you last week, but I was too busy then.

 注意比较级、最高级、倍数表达; likely-possible-probable; worth-worthy; too much-much too;

 already yet等

1、His books are three time as many as my books.

2、The Nile river is the longest river in the world.

3、It is much too hot tonight.

4、The harder he worked, the happier he felt.

常考的有rais、risea、risea、rose; spend、cost、take、pay、afford; wound、injure、hurt、damage; find、findout、discover、invent; hit、strike、ring、beat; tell、say、speak、talk; join、join in、take part in等以及其词短语

1、Can you tell the difference between these two words

2、He joined the army three years ago.

主句用将来时,

从句用一般现在时(或现在完成时)表将来题

1、They will leave the classroom when they have finished writing.

 

2、We will start to work as soon as our teacher comes.

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